Types And Causes Of Tooth Wear


Loss of denture tissue involves a chronic injury. This has different causes and consequences, and is classified by different phenomena. More patients than you imagine have this problem, therefore, your dentist will tell you the types and causes of dental wear so you can prevent them from home.

What is tooth wear?

Basically it is the deterioration of the dental structure. It begins to occur in the hardest enamel, which covers the teeth and advances until it reaches the softest part, which is dentin, in very serious cases. Enamel is the layer that protects the teeth from damage caused by the bite or contact with food or drinks in extreme conditions, either very hot, cold, acid, etc. This can regenerate naturally and combat slight wear, typical of the activity that is carried out daily (consume solids and liquids). But when this is severe and constant, a dentist’s intervention is needed to treat the damage.

Types And Causes Of Tooth Wear

Following the process, the nerve of the tooth (pulp) suffers damage that causes calcification or fibrosis. Other times, narrowing of the pulp chamber occurs.

Types and causes of tooth wear

It is important that you know the different types of dental wear, as well as the causes of wear.


Dental attrition is a type of physiological or pathological wear on the hardest dental tissues. Especially in the enamel. It varies depending on age. It is produced by function or parafunction of the dental surface. That is, by the contact between teeth. Either by rubbing during chewing, dysfunction or bad position of dental structures. This gradual loss of tissue is a result of chewing activity or bad habits caused by other factors. It manifests with the decrease of the vertical size of the tooth and the flattening of the incisal edges. You will also notice that the wear zone is smooth and polished. Although irregularities can also occur at the edges of the tooth. In more severe cases the pulp chamber is exposed. The same goes for occlusal or palatal surfaces.

This type of wear can cause premature loss of teeth and hypercementosis. This last condition is the accumulation or deposit of cement at the root of one or more teeth.

Attrition occurs mainly in:

  • Cusp areas: Refers to the cusp area of ​​the molars.
  • Support cusps: This area is formed by the cusp of posterior teeth that are related to antagonist impeller.
  • Incisal surfaces: Refers to the bite surface of canines and incisors.

Bruxism is one of the causes of attrition

The force you use when chewing and / or biting varies between 13 and 23 pounds. But when there is a habit of grinding your teeth or brushing them, it can multiply up to ten times doing great damage to your teeth. This bad habit is called bruxism and is often an involuntary act of the person. There are different levels of force and friction in this custom that generate different levels of deterioration, as well as different affected teeth. 80% of this applied force is produced at night, unconsciously. It is very common in people subjected to high levels of stress and anxiety. One of the ways to solve this problem is by using discharge splints. These are tailored to the patient’s teeth and are used when sleeping to cushion the force generated by bruxism in her.


Unlike the previous case, this deterioration is caused by external agents; and its degree depends on the type of element that causes it. It is a pathological wear in which brushing and dietary factors have considerable effect. Friction of foreign bodies produces localized damage in the occlusal, incisal and / or cervical area. Root surfaces are affected below the gum line and / or the enamel that is just above them.

Main causes

Its causes are abnormal mechanical processes and bad habits or consumption of abrasive substances that are foreign to the digestive system. Some of the most common are:

  • Inadequate hygienic habits
  • Interposition and interaction with objects between teeth that can scrape or brush them.
  • Grind your teeth, scrape them or brush them.
  • On some occasions this same discomfort can also be generated due to very hard foods or the use of chopsticks to eliminate food debris between the teeth.
  • Certain dental appliances as retainers, badly removed orthodontics or partial dentures.
  • Badly brushed: Very strong, prolonged, in a horizontal direction and / or with abrasive substances such as baking soda.
  • Diet with foods that can affect the teeth. Like sunflower seeds, nuts and other hard nuts. As well as the consumption of coffee or very sugary drinks.
  • Bite pencils, pens and other items that are not to introduce to the mouth.
  • Toothbrush with very hard or worn bristles.

Why Do Teeth Experience Gum Infections?

Why Do Teeth Experience Gum Infections?

The first dental visit is normally short and takes extremely little treatment. The first visit provides your kid with an opportunity to meet the dentist in a friendly as well as non-threatening way. Many dentists ask parents to sit on the dental chair and hold their kids during the checkup. Sometime the dentist might ask parents to wait at the reception area while part of the checkup so that the dentist can build a friendly relationship with their child.

While the checkup, the dentist will examine all of the child’s existing tooth decay, test your kid’s bite, and look for any potential issues with the jaws, gums, and oral tissues. In case of any problem, the hygienist or dentist will clean the teeth as well as assess the need for fluoride. The dentist will also give information and educate parents about how to maintain oral health care or the basics of dental developmental problems.

Pediatric Dentist

Difference Between Regular Dentist and Pediatric Dentist

It is essential to select the right dentist for your child’s good dental health. A pediatric dentist has two additional years of training after dental school. The added training focuses on the treatment and management of kid’s developing teeth, physical development and growth, child behavior, as well as special needs of kids’ dentistry. Although a regular dentist is also capable of addressing the child’s oral healthcare needs, a pediatric dentist, his staff, and clinic, all are geared to care for kids as well as provide them entertaining environment. If the child has special needs or cares from a pediatric dentist, it has to be considered.

The dentist can Provide Advice and Help Specific to the Needs

A frequent dental visit is immensely important for your child’s health. The dentist can provide better advice as well as treatment for any form of irritation in gums or mouth. The dentist will examine your kid’s mouth in case of any issue. They can provide immediate treatment or advice. As teenagers usually not take care of their oral health. It’s not only important to ensure that your teenage kid gets daily dental examinations, but they should receive dental health education about how to take care of their teeth for the future. A pediatric dentist is an ideal choice for this task. You can also ask your pediatric dentist without any hesitation about general information regarding your kid’s oral health.


Treatment Of Caries In Children

Pediatric Dentist

Caries is a disease of the oral cavity aimed at tooth decay. Enamel becomes thin and begins to crumble. Children, like adults, are often prone to tooth decay. However, it is worth remembering that the development and diseases of deciduous teeth largely affect the formation of permanent teeth in the future. Therefore, if you begin to treat caries in childhood, this will help an adult in the future not to have problems with teeth.

The development of caries in children and its causes

Caries is a disease of the oral cavity aimed at tooth decay. In the process of its development, demineralization of tooth tissues, their softening is observed. Enamel becomes thin and begins to deteriorate, and then the process affects the internal structure of the tooth. The disease occurs due to the activity of harmful bacteria and microorganisms that produce some organic acids. It is due to a violation of the acid balance that the enamel destruction process begins.

Caries in children occurs for many reasons, such as:

  • Heredity
  • Lack of proper hygiene and dental care
  • Decreased immunity due to disease
  • Malnutrition
  • Prolonged use of a bottle nipple
  • Children are very fond of sweets and often eat chocolates and sweets in excessive quantities. The sugar content in the oral cavity increases and is the optimal environment for the development of microflora. Very young children are used to falling asleep with a bottle nipple in their mouth, in which there are leftovers.

Finally, children must be taught from the first years of life to high-quality and thorough brushing. However, many adults are not sufficiently watching how the child brushes his teeth. As a result, often children generally evade using a toothbrush.

Features of the development of milk caries

Caries treatment should be started as early as possible. We recommend treating baby teeth, starting from the age of 1.5-2 years. In this case, treatment is required in a timely manner. If the milk tooth is already loosened, the meaning of curing tooth decay is lost – after all, the formation of a permanent tooth begins.

Caries develops in stages; therefore, in the process of tooth decay, several stages can be distinguished, namely:

  • Superficial caries
  • Caries is average
  • Deep caries

With superficial caries, the damage to the tooth is still small. At this stage, the enamel is just beginning to break down; the process does not affect the inside of the structure. In this case, the specialist may not even use dental equipment. Superficial caries cause pain when acidic or sweet foods get on the tooth and can be cured with silver-containing pastes or fluoride gels. Medium caries already affects the inside of the tooth. At this stage, combat sensations can arise not only from taste stimuli, but also from temperature changes (when hit by cold or hot). Such caries is subject to filling; first, the clinic doctor removes the darkened, destroyed dentine layer. Deep caries is an advanced stage of the disease. The tooth is almost destroyed with it, there may be a flux or inflammation of the gums. Therefore, with deep caries, filling is impossible, the only way out is to remove the tooth completely.

New treatments for children with caries

In order to relieve the baby from stress during a visit to the doctor, parents must not only monitor the condition of his tooth, but also, together with dentists, carry out preventive measures. Alternative methods for curing caries have been developed that do not involve the use of a drill. They are primarily aimed at treating decay of deciduous teeth, since far from all of them are suitable for adults.

Differences Between Ceramic And Sapphire Brackets

Differences Between Ceramic And Sapphire Brackets

Nowadays people are very concerned about the appearance of their teeth. They always verify that they are white and perfectly aligned. This leads them to make consultations with the orthodontist, and want to know the differences between ceramic and sapphire brackets. 

Differences Between Ceramic And Sapphire Brackets

Differences between ceramic and sapphire brackets

In their early stages, braces were a quite notorious procedure that provided very little aesthetic element. But today there are some that could go unnoticed. Ceramic and sapphire are two such options. Both types of brackets are excellent options to carry out an orthodontic treatment without neglecting the aesthetics of your mouth. They can be used by both teenagers and adults. But they are much more requested by young people, since they usually care much more about their image. Although sometimes ceramic brackets tend to represent a more lasting process than sapphire, this is because they exert less force on the teeth. You will notice that both types are very similar, but they have particular characteristics that make them very requested by patients. Next, we describe each of these differences between ceramic and sapphire brackets.

Ceramic brackets

  • Ceramic braces were the first to offer a much more discreet shape and color than conventional ones. So, they revolutionized the world of orthodontics.
  • These are made with materials very similar to porcelain.
  • Ceramic brackets have a lower resistance to metal brackets, so some people consider them a bit fragile.
  • This type of brackets has very little adhesion. That’s why we recommend you to be careful with the consumption of hard, crunchy and sticky foods.
  • They are an opaque whitish tone so they are not noticeable when you smile. But due to their light color they can become pigmented very easily. That is why you must be careful with your hygiene.
  • They are not recommended for patients with habits such as cigarettes, coffee or red wine. These elements make the pieces of the device turn yellowish.
  • This orthodontic treatment is a bit more expensive than metal brackets.
  • Thanks to its small size they do not generate any type of discomfort in the gums, the inner part of the lip or the cheeks.

Sapphire Braces

  • Sapphire braces are exactly the same as metal braces. The only variation that exists is its ability to camouflage itself with the natural color of your teeth.
  • They are made of sapphire crystal or synthetic sapphire. A material with the same chemical composition of sapphire.
  • They are completely transparent, so they are able to adopt the color of the natural tooth. You can show your smile and these pieces will be very little visible.
  • They have a very good resistance, close to that of metallic ones. So, it is quite unlikely that they will deform, break or scratch throughout the process.
  • Unlike ceramic brackets, sapphire retain their color over time. They do not pigment despite the consumption of coffee, cigarettes, red wine or other elements.
  • Their adhesion is better than those of the ceramics thanks to a zirconium powder mesh that they possess. Although you must also be careful.
  • The cost of this type of brackets is higher than that of metal and ceramic.
  • These are especially recommended for people who do not have very white teeth. Since if the ceramic ones are placed, they could stand out too much on their teeth due to the pigmentation of these.
  • They do not cause discomfort in the cheeks, nor in the gums.
  • They have a fairly small size.

Prosthetic Stomatitis: A New Perspective

Woman With Aphthae On Lip

Prosthetic stomatitis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gums found in removable prostheses. It is a more common oral lesion in the toothless. It affects one-third of prosthetic wearers. The most prominent etiologic factors in the literature are trauma caused by poorly fitting prostheses, poor oral and prosthetic hygiene, and an infectious factor. 

Prosthetic Stomatitis

The trauma caused by an unstable prosthesis, and the continual wearing of the prosthesis also promotes this disease. There are also systemic factors that have an impact on the prevalence of prosthetic stomatitis, protein, vitamin A and B deficiency or iron deficiency. Also, it is more common in people with diabetes and in patients who receive immune system therapies.

Indices of the presence of prosthetic stomatitis

The clinical signs are localized or generalized inflammation, which may be accompanied by papillary hyperplasia (inflammation of the taste buds in the palate). The area of ​​affected tissue may be more or less red. Prosthetic stomatitis is usually asymptomatic and is often detected by a health professional. That’s why it’s important to make regular visits to your denturologist.


It is necessary to maintain a healthy palate without inflammation and to have beautiful oral mucosa. The treatment of prosthetic stomatitis has several components because of its complex and multifactorial etiology. Antifungal creams can be prescribed, but oral and prosthetic hygiene will first have to be improved to have good results: use antimicrobial agents to disinfect the prostheses. For example, mouthwashes containing alkaline peroxide or chlorhexidine gluconate should be used. Also, it will be necessary to check if there are too many pressure zones or occlusal contacts. Treatment with tissue conditioners can be done, followed by relining or making a new prosthesis.

Also, it allows you to familiarize yourself and adapt more quickly to the wearing of a denture. It gives you the ability to eat and chew properly, to talk easily and smile spontaneously, as you could before extraction. It’s not always easy to do all this when you have just removed your teeth or all the teeth! And not always easy to conceive that one has lost one’s teeth.